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VRA Core 4 Example 3: Megalithic circle
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Work record [refid 3]
agent unknown (European builder)
culturalContext British; European
date ca. 3200- ca. 1600 BCE (inclusive)
description Visitors see today the remains of the final stage of Stonehenge, a prehistoric temple used as a place of worship and burial. In its first stage it was a large earthwork--"henge"--a bank and ditch enclosing the Aubrey holes (named after their 17th century discoverer) arranged in a circle. Later (around 2100 BCE) 80 bluestones were brought from the Preseli mountains in Wales and arranged in a double circle in the center. Somewhat later sarsen stones were arranged in an outer circle with continuous lintels and five trilithons were arranged in a horseshoe, the axis of which pointed to the midsummer sunrise. Even later (1550 BCE) the bluestones were rearranged in the horseshoe and circle.
Digital Imaging Project; Mary Ann Sullivan, Bluffton University; (accessed 2/23/2009) [description source]
location Stonehenge (Wiltshire, England, United Kingdom) [site]
on the Salisbury Plain [location note]
material stone; sarsen (sandstone); bluestone
measurements 29.7 m (diameter); 6.7 m (height, tallest stone); 45.2 ton (weight, largest stone)
source Core 4 Sample Database (VCat)
stylePeriod Late Bronze Age; Neolithic
subject death or burial; timekeeping; Astronomy, Ancient; Sun Rising and setting; prehistoric stone circle; megaliths; lunar temple; solar temple; standing stones; religion and mythology; ceremonial site; post-and-lintel
technique construction (assembling)
title Stonehenge [cited, true, en]
Stone Henge [cited, false, en]
worktype buildings; religious buildings; temples; buildings; research buildings; observatories; built works; monuments
image courtesy Mary Ann Sullivan
Image record [refid 102]
agent Sullivan, Mary Ann
measurements 18 MB
relation [imageOf 3, Core 4 Sample Database (VCat)]
rights © Mary Ann Sullivan
source VRA Data Standards Committee, Core 4 Sample Records [href]
Digital Imaging Project; Mary Ann Sullivan, Bluffton University; [source of image]
subject trilithons; lintels
technique digital imaging
title Detail of center axis
worktype digital image
Last modified August 28, 2014